We all have a specific type of skin that is difficult to define because it evolves over time depending on age, hormones but also external elements such as climate, temperature, heating, pollution , the lifestyle…
Skin is often thin and beautiful, without dilated pores, but dry skin is a source of tension and discomfort. Less supply than normal skin, it can become dull, rough, and blush. The reasons for skin dryness are multiple. The stratum corneum lacks water, the hydrolipidic film located on the surface is too thin and no longer protects the skin, sebum is missing … Hence the need to compensate for this dehydration care adapted to dry skin daily. Cosmetics that nourish deeply and restore the skin’s suppleness and radiance.
Its grain is thicker, the pores are dilated and the general appearance of the skin is dull, greasy and shiny. This type of skin is conducive to pimples and blackheads and the excess of permanent sebum causes long-term thickening of the stratum corneum. This skin can be both oily and lack water, that is to say be dehydrated. The oily skin is fragile and requires care tailored to his needs. The oily skin must therefore be treated gently.
Dry where the sebaceous glands are rare (temples, cheekbones and jaws), the combination skin becomes oily on the medial axis of the face (forehead, nose, and chin). It is difficult to choose your cosmetics. Like oily or dry skin, combination skin does not like overly astringent cleansers and prefers non-greasy moisturizers. If necessary, it is quite possible to apply a richer cream on the parts of the face where the skin is drier.
20% of women have a real problem of sensitive skin and 40% are frequently tugging and discomfort. Dry, oily or mixed, all skins can be sensitive. This results in untimely redness, tingling and burning sensations. The factors causing skin reactions in sensitive skin are many: the application of cosmetics, climate variations, certain foods, stress and even water or the simple rubbing of clothing affect the sensitivity of the skin.
Oily skin is characterized by too much sebum production by the sebaceous glands. This is partly characterized by a more basic pH than the normal pH of the skin. The skin then shines, we tend to have acne pimples and the pores are dilated. The skin is thick and elastic, often full of imperfections. Even when it is deeply cleaned, it is often much worse! Indeed, a scrub or a too abrasive wash will excite the sebaceous glands which will act as if the hydrolipidic film of the skin lacked fat … A vicious circle that must be reversed as soon as possible!
Contrary to popular belief, oily skin needs to be nourished and hydrated! It is necessary to regulate the secretion of sebum with vegetable oils that are soft and non-comedogenic, that is to say which do not promote the formation of pimples. I hear you from here ask yourself why apply fat on already oily skin. This paradox is explained by the fact that it must somehow make it clear to the skin that it is protected enough, and that it does not need to run his sebum plant as hard. The little advice in addition: avoid scrubs and cleaning products, it will increase the secretion of sebum and the sensation of oily skin! To find a healthy skin, it is necessary to rebalance the water / oil ratio of the skin. For this, it is nourished, hydrated and avoided all abrasive products! You do not have to worry about this « T » zone, the rest of your face will suffer as well by drying up even more. Give your masks a maximum of once a week, applying mild, acidic products (without spreading lemon juice, shades!) On the « T » zone to restore the skin’s pH.
The combination skin is characterized by both oily and dry skin. In fact, the skin is oily on the T-zone, that is to say from the tip of the chin to the forehead through the chin, as well as the entire forehead. On the rest, that is to say the cheeks, the neck and the eye contour (where the skin is composed of few sebaceous glands), the skin is dry. Mixed skins are often likened to oily skin. Thus, the advice is the same: avoid scrubs and other products too abrasive, rather pamper your skin gently!
In the case of dry skin, the hydrolipidic film that protects the skin is weakened and does not fulfill its role of protector. The cause ? It is often a lack of sebum or too frequent and intense aggression that will break the skin barrier. The result is that the water in the skin evaporates, and the skin dries up! This phenomenon can affect both mature skin and baby skin, which are very fragile. This is why it is important to protect yourself when using household products, exposure to sun or wind, or changes in temperature.
It is necessary to reconstruct the cutaneous hydrolipidic film, to allow it to fulfill its role of barrier and thus to stop the drying of the skin. For this, we can apply vegetable oils rich in unsaturated fatty acids, to restore the skin barrier. To avoid drying out with water, we prefer the shower bath (plus, it’s ecological!); thus, the water remains less in contact with the skin, which prevents it from drying out! In addition, you should always dry out of the shower: the wash water that evaporates on your body will increase the risk of dehydration of the skin, which will increase the problem of dry skin.
Okay, time passes and the hormone levels produced by our body changes. The decline of certain hormones leads to a decline in the production of collagen and hyaluronic acid by the body, two small soldiers who act for the firmness of the skin. It can therefore involve a relaxation of the skin or the appearance of wrinkles. The appearance of these wrinkles are favored by the movement of the subcutaneous muscles: if a young and elastic skin returns to its original shape very quickly, a mature skin will see these wrinkles of anchored expressions. Even if it’s not very nice to see these small wrinkles appear, it’s quite normal. It even brings a little charm!
To fight against the appearance of wrinkles and sagging skin, some say that we must avoid soliciting the subcutaneous muscles: in short, we stop laughing, smiling, growling, showing any sign of emotion . So to take care of mature skin, vegetable oils come to our rescue, thanks to their firming properties, skin regenerative and anti-aging. Most of the time, prevention is better than cure! So do not hesitate to get ahead by taking care of your skin right now.
The ritual of layering is an Asian technique that involves daily superimposing several layers of cleansing and moisturizing care on the face. This ritual allows the water to penetrate deeper into the epidermis and especially to be retained.
Layering for maximum hydration. There is 7 steps :
1- cleaning with oil and make up remover
2- soap cleaning
3- hydrosol/floral water/lotion
5- eye contour
6- day/night cream
7- lip balm
Step 1 : Steam bath
This step is used to detoxify the skin and rid it of impurities in depth.
The right thing to do: heat a large volume of water and pour it into a plastic or wooden bowl. Add a tablespoon of thyme, green tea, 10 drops of essential oils of lemon or lavender. Place your face above (about 20cm) and cover your head with a cloth. You must have clean skin (after performing steps 1 and 2) and not stay more than 15 minutes above the steam bath.
Step 2 : Exfoliation
A scrub performed once a week helps to find healthy and less dull skin by removing dead skin cells.
The good gesture: it is useless to fight with the skin, the goal is not to strip it! After moistening your face, take a little scrub and make circular movements of the fingertips on the whole face staying longer on the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin).
Which scrub should I choose?
Your skin is normal
Normal skin is spoiled for choice. All the exfoliating products suit them from the moment they are not too stripping. Natural grains.
Your skin is mixed or oily
These skins, which particularly need to be erased, support well-textured grains. They provide them with a thorough cleaning.
Your skin is dry or reactive
More fragile, dry skin will be satisfied with a soft scrub from fluffy textures or non-irritating absorbent enzymes.
Step 3 : Mask
Moisturizing, purifying, smoothing or toning, beauty masks have become essential
The cleansing mask is rich in absorbent and descaling products to remove impurities and dead cells.
The normalizing mask of seborrheic secretions acts by absorption to restore the acid-base balance.
The hydrating mask recreates the hydrolipidic film thanks to its humectants and moisturizing active ingredients.
The firming mask generates vasodilation that stimulates and firms the tissues.
The smoothing and remodeling mask provides an immediate lifting effect thanks to its tensor actives.
Which face masks should I choose?
Between cleansing masks, sebum normalizers, moisturizers, firming or smoothing, your choice will be made primarily according to your skin type, the texture and the use of the products.
Your skin is normal
Normal skin is spoiled for choice. All masks are suitable for them as soon as the epidermis feels the need. Moisturizing or smoothing, all the formulas are adapted to them.
Your skin is mixed or fat
These skins especially need to be rid of their excess sebum. Cleansing and purifying masks are recommended.
Your skin is dry or reactive
More fragile, dry skin craves moisturizing and smoothing masks that will gently replenish its skin.
Self-massage before falling asleep circulates the blood and effectively stimulates the blood and lymphatic system.
Remove the fatigue of the day
Apply the emulsion or the oil then put the thumbs on the birth of the hair at the height of the temples and the three following fingers grouped between the eyebrows. Pull the skin of your forehead with your fingers back to the height of the thumbs and feel the trigger provided by the movement.
Practice a kneading-rolling massage to tone the facial muscles
Firmly pinch the skin between your thumb and forefinger and continue the movement, moving centimeter by centimeter simultaneously and symmetrically to each side of the face with both hands.
Repeat the exercise from the cheekbones to the temples. Repeat the exercise from the mouth to the ears. Repeat the exercise from the chin to the jaw. Repeat the exercise from the right chin to the birth of the neck. Repeat the exercise from the right jaw to the birth of the neck.
Gently tap the fingers of both hands on the face to finish this facial stimulation
Smooth with the back of the hands the underside of the chin down towards the neck in a roll motion with the left hand and the right hand.
Nothing beats a facial massage at the beautician.
The best known protection products are moisturizing creams, but vegetable oils also have many advantages: having a great affinity with the skin, they penetrate easily and are rich in good assets. They make it possible to supplement the oily skin with dry skin, but also make it possible to regulate the production of sebum of the oily skin (by bringing to the skin the fat which it needs, this one will stop producing in excess of it by itself !).
Because vegetable oil is a wonderful galenic for diffusing active ingredients (unlike mineral oils that are inert to the skin and that form an occlusive film that can foul the pores), because a vegetable oil makes it possible to put on the skin a real shield anti-dehydration. Because applied in the evening, she repairs and plumps for a plump skin on awakening, because mixed with my daily care, she turns a moisturizer into a down jacket, because tapping a little oil on her cheekbones pushes up the glow « to the cheeks in less time than it takes to say …
Vegetable oils which, on the other hand, are natural extracts rich in good active ingredients (essential fatty acids and vitamins).
the evening, after cleaning my skin and misting a lotion to neutralize the limestone, I take 4 drops of oil in the palm of the hand. Then, I massage on my skin with gentle strokes. I finish by plating my hands on the face, to penetrate the oil to the heat of the palms. In the morning, I can apply it in serum or mixed with my day cream.
Your skin is normal:
You can use virgin Coconut oil, Avocado oil, Castor oil, Evening primrose oil
Your skin is dry or reactive:
You can use Avocado oil, virgin Coconut oil, olive oil, Sesame oil, Argan oil, Borage oil, Inca Inchi oil
Your skin is mixed or fat:
you can use Jojoba oil, Apricot kernel oil
On the same principle as layering for the face, capillary layering consists in superimposing several layers of care products on the hair. This ritual is particularly suitable for damaged hair, very dry, frizzy or thick. It takes place in 4 steps:
30 minutes before doing your shampoo or mask for the night, an oil bath can detoxify the hair from the roots to the tips and soften them.
The right gesture: adjust the right amount of oil you need and apply it on the scalp, lengths and ends. If you have oily scalp, just put it on the ends.
The advantage of a double shampoo is that the first is used to remove excess oil or dirt, while the second is actually washing the hair.
The right gesture: do not try to rub your head thinking that it will be cleaner, you risk instead to stimulate the sebaceous glands and grease your scalp. Take a small amount of shampoo, gently massage the skull with the fingertips and let the excess shampoo run over the lengths and ends. Rinse and start again.
THE DEATHING CARE
To prevent the hair from « breaking » after drying and brushing, it is better to use a type of care conditioner, spray or cream detangling power.
The right gesture: on dried hair, apply a small amount of care on the lengths and ends. Leave for a few minutes, then rinse. Avoid applying directly to the root, otherwise grease the scalp.
It infuses light into your hair and instantly restores radiance to your complexion. For those who want a natural product, there is nothing better than the famous cider vinegar!
The right gesture: whatever the product used, do not hesitate to put on all the lengths to make the hair less dull.